In Guatemala, Peace Accords were signed in December 1996, bringing to an end – at least on paper – 36 years of civil war between a coalition of four rebel organizations and the Guatemalan Army and government. According to the United Nations sponsored Truth Commission, over 200,000 civilians were killed during the years of the conflict; 93 percent died at the hands of the military and related security forces. Over 40,000 people were disappeared; their whereabouts are still unknown. (…)
Mostrando la foto de un familiar desaparecido
The height of the violence occurred between 1979 and 1983, when the military carried out what was termed a “scorched earth policy” in northern and northwestern areas of the country. They targeted mostly indigenous, rural populations in their effort to eliminate potential civilian support for the guerrillas. By the Army’s own account, over 450 villages were completely wiped off the map. Massacres of women, children, and the elderly occurred on a regular basis, and of those who survived, well over 200,000 fled the country, while one million were displaced internally. (…)
Exhumacion de los restos de familiares de tumbas clandestinas
One day in August 1982 thirty-two people were killed by an Army patrol as they were fleeing their homes into the nearby mountains. After hearing that soldiers had massacred residents of a neighboring community, the villagers quickly gathered their children and a few possessions and fled, only to be surprised by a group of soldiers coming from the opposite direction. The survivors were able to bury some of the dead on the mountainside where the soldiers had left them. They literally paused in their flight to hurriedly dig shallow graves under the cover of night.
Most of the remaining photographs are of exhumations of clandestine cemeteries created by people who spent weeks or months in hiding in different areas of the mountains. During that time, they buried their loved ones on hidden ridges and forested slopes after soldiers or paramilitary forces killed them, or they died of hunger or illness.
Enterrando apropiadamente a los muertos
Since the mid 1990’s there has been a growing movement to acknowledge and come to grips with what happened: to search for the disappeared, to carry out exhumations, to promote truth and reconciliation, and to bring charges against those responsible for the atrocities.
Fotos y textos de Jonathan Moller portafolio
REcordando los derechos humanos en la blogosfera peruana:
Gonzalo Gamio: Derechos humanos y humanismo civico
DTP: Derechos y Humanos
Y tambien mundial: aunque deberia ser Every Day for the HUman Rights